2023 BILLS

H.B. 511 Crime Victim Identification Amendments (Rep. Candice Pierucci, R-Herriman)

This bill seeks to restrict the release of names of minor victims of homicide, which would unnecessarily complicate information management for police and the public in an already painful and confusing situation. The Government Records Access and Management Act, or GRAMA, provides multiple exceptions that protect the names of minor victims, including homicide victims, for the protection of life and safety, privacy, and ongoing investigations. Creating a separate exception outside of GRAMA ties the hands of law enforcement, which may have valid public safety reasons to release the name of a homicide victim, and would restrict sharing information in situations where there is a compelling public interest in identifying a minor who has been killed. For creating needless obstacles for both police and the public, HB 511 gets a LIGHTS OUT from GRAMA Watch.

House Bill 97 -- Government Records Access and Management Act (Rep Andrew Stoddard)

Rep Andrew Stoddard has introduced a bill (HB 97) that modifies the Government Records Access and Management Act, or GRAMA, to better reflect how public officials use personal technology. This bill provides a process for searching the personal electronic device of a public employee who receives a GRAMA request. It also introduces criminal penalties for an officer or employee who refuses to conduct a search or who submits a materially false sworn declaration, and modifies a provision allowing a governmental entity to impose disciplinary action. Public officials are increasingly doing their work on smartphones, as we all are. Defining processes to obtain records from these devices increases access and accountability for Utahns that public officials serve. This bill is a win for open government and gets a “Bright Light” from GRAMAWatch.

2021 BILLS

House Bill 228 -- Jail Photo Distribution Prohibition (Rep. Keven Stratton, R-Orem)

This bill would prohibit law enforcement from releasing booking mugshot photos to the public unless the subject of the photo has been convicted or if police decide there is a public need to release it. The intent is to protect people who are booked for a criminal offense but are never convicted, but the practical effect of this bill would be a loss of public oversight of the criminal justice system. For instance, booking photos provide visual confirmation of the race and ethnicity of those who are arrested, vitally important information in this age. They also can provide visual evidence of injuries that occurred during an arrest. Open records and proceedings are a cornerstone of the American judicial system. That is true even when the process doesn’t end in conviction. This bill gets a Lights Out from GRAMA Watch for hiding public records.

2020 BILLS

Senate Bill 30 (Sen. Dan McCay, R-Riverton)

This bill would, among other things, resurrect the Economic Development Legislative Liaison Committee to give legislative oversight to activities of the Governor’s Office of Economic Development. While legislative scrutiny of GOED is laudable, the bill would eliminate any public scrutiny of the Committee’s work by creating a blanket exemption from the Utah Open and Public Meetings Act and denying the public the right to request Committee records under GRAMA. The Committee should not operate in secret, particularly when GOED’s 15-member governing board and 11-member coordinating council have for years discharged their public duties while being fully subject to the Open Meetings Act and GRAMA. GRAMAWatch gives SB30 a “Lights Out” for needlessly hiding the public’s work from the public.

Senate Bill 173 Third Substitute (Sen. Don Ipson, R-St. George)

This bill would replace current law that makes it a Class B misdemeanor to “disturb” or “disrupt” a public government meeting with a new version that starts out as a Class C misdemeanor on first offense and elevates to a Class A misdemeanor on third offense. Because the bill does not define what speech or conduct constitutes a disturbance or disruption, it poses a threat of criminal prosecution for speech and expression at the heart of the First Amendment. That vague and overbroad language, combined with the escalation of penalties on second and third offense, produces a chilling effect on legitimate public participation in government. SB171 Third Substitute gets a “Lights Out” from GRAMAWatch.

Senate Bill 185 (Sen. Jacob Anderegg, R-Lehi)

This bill clarifies that certain records related to policy and procedures at correctional institutions, including audit records, are considered open records under the Government Records Access and Management Act (GRAMA). SB185 is a win for open government and gets a “Bright Light” from GRAMAWatch.


This bill appears to be aimed at protecting the free speech rights of college students. That’s a political hot potato, to be sure, but I’m not seeing any impact on open government in this bill.


This bill requires annual reports on privacy protection from any government agency that handles personal information. It seems like a wasteful requirement to produce these reports annually, but I’m not seeing where the public loses access to any public information.


This bill requires the attorney general to give reports to legislative committees on constitutional challenges to legislation. I assume these reports would be public, but it doesn’t explicitly say that. I defer to the lawyers as to whether that should be pointed out to the sponsor.


This bill requires mosquito abatement districts to notify the public before certain treatments. It only requires notification through a website or social media platform. I suppose the Utah Press Association would prefer newspaper public notices, but I’ll defer to FoxPig/Allfrey. Otherwise, I’m not seeing any impact on open government in this bill.


This resolution makes some changes to how legislators declare their conflicts of interest and how those declarations get recorded. If anything, this seems to be a win for open government.


This bill creates (actually it reinstates) the “Economic Development Legislative Liaison Committee.” This is basically the Legislature wanting a role in what the Governer’s Office of Economic Development does. It requires GOED to give lots of detailed reports to the committee of what it’s doing to lure business/make deals, and it makes the committee exempt from the Open Meetings Act. Aside from whatever the constitutionalists want to argue about executive vs. legislative powers (I gotta believe the governor’s office opposes this), I see no reason why everything a legislative committee does should be secret. Make them comply with the existing open meetings requirements, which allows closed meetings under certain conditions. I’d say this is a lights out purely on the blanket closure of meetings.

Utah Media Coalition


The Media Coalition operates GRAMA Watch to identify certain legislative bills as “Bright Lights,” meaning they have a positive effect on open government, or “Lights Out,” meaning the bill would reduce government transparency.

The Utah Media Coalition represents Utah news organizations and the Utah Headliners Chapter of the Society of Professional Journalists, and it draws on attorneys who are experts in First Amendment law and government access. The coalition encourages Utahns to let their representatives know their thoughts on these bills and on open government in general.

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